San Diego, California - Painful urination (dysuria) is discomfort or burning with urination, usually felt in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum).

A number of conditions can cause painful urination. In women, the most common cause of painful urination is a urinary tract infection. In men, urethritis and certain prostate conditions are the most frequent causes of painful urination.

Painful urination can be caused by a number of conditions and certain substances, including:

  • Bladder stones
  • Chlamydia
  • Cystitis (bladder infection)
  • Drugs, such as those used in cancer treatment, that have bladder irritation as a side effect
  • Genital herpes
  • Gonorrhea
  • Soaps, perfumes and other personal care products
  • Kidney infection
  • Kidney stones
  • Prostatitis (prostate inflammation)
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Vaginitis (vaginal infection)
  • Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra)
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Yeast infection (vaginal)

Make an appointment to see your doctor if:

  • Your painful urination persists
  • You have drainage or discharge from your penis or vagina
  • You see blood in your urine
  • You have a fever
  • You have back pain or pain in your side (flank pain)
  • You pass a kidney or bladder (urinary tract) stone

If you're pregnant, tell your doctor about any pain you have when you urinate.