San Diego, California - Painful urination (dysuria) is discomfort or burning with urination, usually felt in the tube that carries urine out of your bladder (urethra) or the area surrounding your genitals (perineum).
A number of conditions can cause painful urination. In women, the most common cause of painful urination is a urinary tract infection. In men, urethritis and certain prostate conditions are the most frequent causes of painful urination.
Painful urination can be caused by a number of conditions and certain substances, including:
- Bladder stones
- Cystitis (bladder infection)
- Drugs, such as those used in cancer treatment, that have bladder irritation as a side effect
- Genital herpes
- Soaps, perfumes and other personal care products
- Kidney infection
- Kidney stones
- Prostatitis (prostate inflammation)
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
- Vaginitis (vaginal infection)
- Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra)
- Urinary tract infection
- Yeast infection (vaginal)
Make an appointment to see your doctor if:
- Your painful urination persists
- You have drainage or discharge from your penis or vagina
- You see blood in your urine
- You have a fever
- You have back pain or pain in your side (flank pain)
- You pass a kidney or bladder (urinary tract) stone
If you're pregnant, tell your doctor about any pain you have when you urinate.